What has more particles a solid liquid or gas?

Karli Cummerata asked a question: What has more particles a solid liquid or gas?
Asked By: Karli Cummerata
Date created: Sun, Apr 25, 2021 6:21 AM
Date updated: Sat, Jul 30, 2022 9:41 PM


Video answer: 3 states of matter for kids

3 states of matter for kids

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If you have the same number of particles, then the gas will have the greater volume. The particles of matter in the solid state are close together and fixed in place. The particles of matter in the liquid state are still close together but they are far enough apart to move freely.

Video answer: States of matter: solid liquid gas

States of matter: solid liquid gas

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Usually solids are more dense than liquids because their molecules are closer. Water is an important exception to this rule. When water freezes, it forms a bonded arrangement of molecules that is actually less dense than liquid water, yet takes up more space.

As a result, the particles in a liquid move faster in terms of vibration, rotation, and translation. Because they are moving faster, the particles in the liquid occupy more space, and the liquid is less dense than the corresponding solid. Differences in kinetic energy alone cannot explain the relative densities of liquids and solids.

Gas The atoms and molecules in gases are much more spread out than in solids or liquids. They vibrate and move freely at high speeds. A gas will fill any container, but if the container is not sealed, the gas will escape.

The particles of matter are constantly moving. In solids these movements are limited to vibrations, but in liquids and gases the particles have more freedom. Most materials will expand when they are heated and contract when they are cooled. This is because heating makes the particles move further apart and cooling makes them move closer together.

Solid refers to a form of matter which has structural rigidity and has a firm shape which cannot be changed easily. Liquid is a substance, that flows freely, having a definite volume but no permanent shape. Gas refers to a state of matter, do not have any shape but conform to the shape of the container, completely, in which it is put in.

The change from solid to liquid usually does not significantly change the volume of a substance. However, the change from a liquid to a gas significantly increases the volume of a substance, by a factor of 1,000 or more. Figures \(\PageIndex{3}\) and \(\PageIndex{4}\) show the differences among solids, liquids, and gases at the molecular level ...

Key Takeaways: Examples of Solids, Liquids, and Gases. The three main states of matter are solid, liquid, and gas. Plasma is the fourth state of matter. Several exotic states also exist. A solid has a defined shape and volume. A common example is ice. A liquid has a defined volume, but can change state. An example is liquid water.

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