How helium gas is produced?

Filiberto Harris asked a question: How helium gas is produced?
Asked By: Filiberto Harris
Date created: Sat, May 8, 2021 7:44 AM
Date updated: Mon, Sep 5, 2022 9:28 PM


Top best answers to the question «How helium gas is produced»

How to produce helium gas?

  • Helium is usually produced as a byproduct of natural gas processing. Natural gas contains methane and other hydrocarbons , which are the principal sources of heat energy when natural gas is burned.

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This type of helium gas, referred to as helum-4, is produced naturally underground through the radioactive decomposition and decay of certain elements such as uranium and thorium. The result of this reaction are alpha-particles containing two neutrons and protons.

Here is how we get the helium out of the natural gas mixture: 1. Pretreat the natural gas. In the typical method, the trace amounts of helium are separated from the natural gas through a cryogenic piping system. The natural gas is first pressurized, scrubbed, and then passed through a sieve.

Helium is produced as a by-product of the refining of natural gas, which is carried out on a commercial scale in the USA and Poland. In these areas natural gas contains a relatively high concentration of Helium which has accumulated as a result of radioactive decay of heavy elements within the earth's crust.

Helium can also be produced by liquefying air and separating the component gases. The production costs for this method are high, and the amount of helium contained in air is very low. Although this method is often used to produce other gases, like nitrogen and oxygen, it is rarely used to produce helium.

The first to isolate this substance was Scottish chemical scientist William Ramsey who produced it from cleveite – a radioactive mineral in 1895. Helium is mostly extracted from natural gas. In Russia helium is produced exclusively by one company – the Orenburg Gas Processing Plant (GPP) that is a part of Gazprom dobycha Orenburg.

There are two basic types of commercial helium deposits: natural gas produced primarily for the hydrocarbon content, typically containing less than 3 percent helium; and gas with little or no hydrocarbons, produced solely for the helium, which typically makes up between 5 and 10 percent of the gas.

Helium has historically been produced as a by-product of certain conventional natural gas projects (less than 3% of natural gas deposits have more than trace amounts of helium), and those sources account for the bulk of helium supply today.

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